The Measuring Equity in Social and Behavior Change Programming for Family Planning and Sexual and Reproductive Health brief offers straightforward, readily applicable guidance for family planning and sexual and reproductive health (FP/SRH) stakeholders, including government partners, funders, program implementers, and research and evaluation staff who are in positions to measure and address health inequities. With the goal of enhancing health equity, the guide highlights the importance of systematically measuring structural mechanisms of health, particularly individuals’ and groups’ socioeconomic positions through which social groups are stratified and resources are allocated in any given society. By foregrounding the measurement of socioeconomic position, stakeholders can assess who is underserved or unserved and adopt policies, allocate funding, create programs, and measure outcomes to intentionally redress the inequities.